What are some horrible events in history that most people haven’t heard of?

The Nanking Rape (a.k.a. the Nanking Massacre), is a tragedy of mass killings and mass rapes committed by the Japanese army against the residents of Nanking (now Nanjing) during the Second Sino-Japanese War. The massacre took place over a period of six weeks starting on December 13, 1937, the day that Japan controlled Nanking, which later became the capital of China. During this period, between 40,000 to over 300,000 Chinese civilians were raped and/or massacred.

The scent of death was scattered along the road that the Kwantung army traveled from Manchuria to Shanghai. By mid-November 1937, the terror of the Japanese military was increasingly approaching the gates of the city of Nanking, the main base of the Chinese nationalist government. Conflict between Japan and China had intensified since entering the first half of the 1930′s. At that time, the Japanese military in Manchuria engineered a bombing near the railroad track known as the Mukden Incident. This incident cornered the Chinese nationalist government which later gave birth to the Manchuria crisis. The Japanese occupation of Manchuria was marked by the systematic destruction and killing of a number of local warlords. Military aggression towards Manchuria also made Japan more aggressive and gave rise to extreme hostility. This then triggered the Nanking massacre which began on December 13, 1937.

In 1937, Osaka Mainichi Shimbun, and sister Tokyo newspaper Nichi Nichi Shimbun, highlighted a contest between two Japanese officers, Toshiaki Mukai and Tsuyoshi Noda, where the two men were described as competing with each other to determine who would be the first next time to kill 100 people using a sword. The competition took place on the way to Nanking, just before the Nanking Massacre, and was highlighted in four articles, from 30 November to 13 December 1937. The last two articles were translated in the Japan Advertiser.

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